Vitamin gummies are soft, gummy, elastic sweets made of sugar, glucose syrup and thickeners, but they are more than just candies, they have vitamins or other useful supplements. They are often shiny, translucent and colorful, taste fruity or sour and can also be coated with granulated sugar. Typical for gum sweets is their variety of finely detailed, often artistically designed shapes; they are produced in a special casting process in the shape of fruits, animals, figures and in many other forms.
Gum sweets belong to the category of confectionery, as they are mainly made of sugar, which is why they are also called "gum sweets" in technical terms. Their ingredients are sugar, glucose syrup, water and a thickening agent or a mixture of several thickening agents, mostly gelatine, modified starch or gum arabic. The high water content in comparison to hard caramels, for example, combined with the thickening agent gives them their rubbery consistency. They get their taste from the addition of fruit juice concentrates, citric, lactic or other edible acids, natural and artificial flavorings or wine; in addition, they often contain colorants. Sugar-free gum sweets are also available, they contain sugar substitutes such as maltitol instead of sugar and glucose syrup.